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HELP! I have a research paper!

Suggestions on how to do productive research.

How do I wrap this up?

The moment you dread the most... the bibliography.

How do you cite your sources?  You may have used all sorts of sources, from online journal articles, to government documents, to radio transcripts.  The library can help you figure out how to cite these.  Remember, you need to cite any idea or information that is not common knowledge, that is not your own.


From Citation: A (Very) Brief Introduction [Video], by the North Carolina State University Library, 2014, YouTube (

FOIL & Brainfuse

Getting started with citations

There are many tools to help you figure out citations:  books, websites, citation management software.  Most importantly, the librarians are available to guide you as you learn how to cite.  Learning how to cite properly is hard work.  Feel free to ask a librarian for help.

APA Online Citation Help

MLA Online Citation Help

MLA style uses brief parenthetical citations in the text that point to an alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of the paper.

Purdue OWL has a great style guide to help write your MLA Works Cited Pages.

There is also a video to show you some of the basics of the MLA style documentation.

Chicago Manual of Style Online Citation Help

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) uses two basic documentation systems: notes and bibliography and author-date. Each system is favored by different groups of scholars.

CMS has an online citation quick guide to help you get started.

Also, Purdue OWL has one of the best online style guides for the Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.). Look at the General Format page to get started.