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MLA - How to Cite Your Sources

How to Create a Hanging Indent

  1. Place your cursor at the beginning of your second line, before any text.
  2. Right click your mouse.
  3. Select Paragraph from the resulting pop up menu.
  4. Under Indentation, use the Special pull-down menu to select hanging.

MLA Core Elements

The MLA recommends a universal set of guidelines for citing sources. There are core elements, which are facts common to most works, listed for each work. The core elements need to be listed in the order below.

Make sure to use the punctuation as listed above. For examples, there is a period after the author and the source title and a comma after the version and the publisher.

Why Citing is Important

It's important to cite sources you used in your research for several reasons:

  • Gives credit to other researchers.
  • Provides evidence of your research.
  • Uphold academic integrity (pg 27 of the Regis catalog) by quoting words and ideas used by other authors.
  • Allows your reader to locate the materials you consulted.

Works Cited Examples

Print Book

Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction. Oxford UP, 2011.

In this version, only the most essential information is included (author’s name, book title, publisher, and date). Note that the city of publication is not needed, and the medium of publication is eliminated.

Article from a Scholarly Journal

Kincaid, Jamaica. “In History.” Callaloo, vol. 24, no. 2, Spring 2001, pp. 620-26.

This version identifies the volume (24), the number (2), and the page numbers (620-26) of the scholarly journal, rather than leaving those numbers without clear explanation. This helps readers best make sense of your citation and allows them to locate your source without getting bogged down with extra information or references that can be difficult to decipher. Also note that punctuation is simple; only commas separate the journal title, volume, number, date, and page numbers.