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NU 324: Professional Nursing Research

Citing Your Sources

I've done the research and written the paper, now I have to cite my sources in APA!  How do I do that?

APA Resources

Periodical Citation Examples with APA 7th

Single Author

Last name first, followed by author initials.

Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10.

In text: (Berndt, 2002)

Two Authors

List by their last names and initials. Use the ampersand instead of "and."

Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1994). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.

In text: (Wegener & Petty, 1994)

Three to 20 Authors

List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded again by ampersand.

Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.

In text: (Kernis et al., 1993)

More Than 20 Authors

List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the 20th author's name, use an ellipses in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names. 

Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas, S. T., . . . Rubin, L. H. (2009). Web site usability for the blind and low-vision user. Technical Communication, 57, 323-335.

In text: (Miller et al., 2009)


Source: American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).

Citation Generators

There are several citation generators or builders to choose from.  Here are just a couple that are the most up-to-date with APA 7th (more will follow suit soon!):

Please note: Regardless of which tool you use, it is still important to make sure the generated citation is complete and correctly formatted.