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Chicago Manual of Style - How to Cite Your Sources

Basic Citation Structures


Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Web Page.” Publishing Organization or Name of Website in Italics. Publication date and/or access date if available. URL.

Online Article

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Website Title. Month Date, Year Published. Accessed Month Date, Year. URL.

Online Database

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Journal Title, Series, Volume, no. Issue (Month Date, Year Published): Page(s). Accessed Month Date, Year. URL.


Lastname, Firstname. Podcast Episode Title. Podcast audio. Title of Podcast. File Type, 27:8. Date Accessed. URL

Online Multimedia

Lastname, Firstname of Performer, Writer or Creator. Title of Text. Indication of Medium, Running Time. Publication Date. URL.


For more examples visit OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab.

When to Include a DOI or URL

In CMS citations a DOI may be required. If there is no DOI, a URL may be used instead, but only if it is a stable URL.

Citing Web Resources Video